History of TapestryWord tapestry is derived from the ancient Greek word “tapes” meaning a carpet, but it more commonly describes a heavy cloth with decorative art designs and picture textile interpretation. Tapestries art, originally was used in churches and palaces, where they were hung on the walls. The famous Bayeux tapestry was made to commemorate the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The British set shows Norman horsemen attacking King Harold’s troops, a Norman ship, and various battle scenes.
The Bayeux tapestry is really an example of needlework on a canvas base rather than a woven tapestry. It is about 230 feet long and 20 inches wide. It includes over 1,500 pictures and inscriptions in Latin. The life and death of King Harold and the invasion of Britain by William the Conqueror are fully illustrated.
According to folklore, it was made by Matilda, the wife of William the Conqueror, as a wall-hanging for the Bishop of Bayeux to hang in his cathedral. In spite of it being almost 1,000 years of age, it is in a remarkably well-preserved condition.
At the beginning of the Middle Ages, tapestry art was developed especially in Flanders and France. The epoch of apogee being that of Renaissance. Centers of tapestry art like the old French cities of Arras and Gobelin have become synonymous with the word “tapestry” have become points of European reference.
The tapestry “art industry” it was founded in the middle of 15th century by Jean Gobelin.
A tapestry works started by two Flemish weavers, Marc de Comans and Francois de la Planche, called to France by Henri IV in 1601, was later added. In 1662, Louis XIV purchased the Tapestries manufactory and there Colbert united all the royal craftsmen, creating a royal art furniture works.
Charles Le Brun was a director and chief designer from 1663 to 1690. Between 1694 to 1697 The royal art furniture’s tapestries were temporarily closed.Beyond 1820 The royal art furniture’s resurrect to the manufactory of Beauvais.
After World War II they were returned to Gobelin. In the 20th century, after a long period of regress, the old tapestry art again through a spectacular turning point in its evolution being present as a decorative element in painting art, jewelry baskets, ornament pillows, framed in fancy works.
Tapestries are manufacturing in one of three basic techniques :
* Original pieces are manually sewing on sewing bench/frame.
* The second method is the Silk-Screening or Serigraph process. This is a printing process speedy and cheap.
* The third method is Jacquard weaving. This is a mechanical process which reduces much the production time and the cost.
These tapestry Gobelins from gallery, are manually sewing after famous paintings: landscapes, portraits, floral motifs or religious pictures.
It is a long involved process taking many months in production, depend by dimensions and difficulty to the original picture.
The picture content is transposed on the sail through systems color codes that follow about diagrams = full stitch chart or through recording. The sail is the divide in a square at eight or ten mesh beyond the type of sail ( dense or rare). The picture with a needle is a product in two different ways: LITTLE POINT or NORWEGIAN POINT or both. Gobelin LITTLE POINT is the product with two or three threads and the Gobelin NORVEGIAN POINT is the product with three or more thread function of the dimension of the mesh of sail.
The face, hands, and foods is a product in LITTLE POINT because is necessary to show details and the rest of goblin is made in NORVEGIAN POINT. One NORVEGIAN POINT is made out of two stitches that pass over two strands of fabric. One NORVEGIAN POINT is the equivalent of four LITTLE POINT sewn as a square. In this situation, the goeblin is very fine and gobelin details are very good .
Psychdelic Trippy Tapestries avaialble here.